The tiger (Panthera tigris) is the world’s largest cat, and it is also the most threatened with extinction. As recently as 100 years ago, there were as many as 100,000 wild tigers living in Asia. Today, fewer than 3,200 remain.
Six subspecies of tigers continue to persist, but three have gone extinct in the last 80 years. The existing subspecies are the Bengal, Indochinese, Sumatran, Amur, Malayan, and the South-China subspecies (although no signs of the South-China subspecies have been recorded in the wild in the last 10 years). The three extinct subspecies include the Javan (last recorded in the 1970’s), Caspian (lost in the 1950’s) and the Bali subspecies (lost in the 1930’s).
Tigers are currently listed as “Endangered” on the International Union of the Conservation of Nature’s (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species and the future for tigers remains more threatened than ever before..