The cells in your body constantly communicate with each other, negotiating the transport and use of resources and deciding when to grow, when to rest, and when to die. Often, these messages are carried by small proteins, such as epidermal growth factor (EGF).
EGF is a message telling cells that they have permission to grow. It is released by cells in areas of active growth, then is either picked up by the cell itself or by neighboring cells, stimulating their ability to divide. The message is received by a receptor on the cell surface, which binds to EGF and relays the message to signaling proteins inside the cell, ultimately mobilizing the processes needed for growth.
(Source: David Goodsell & RCSB Protein Data Bank. 2012)